2. Energy efficiency in vehicles

Vehicle traction energy represents a substantial part of the energy consumption of public transport companies. Since public transport services need to expand to cope with the growing mobility demand, the energy efficiency of fleets must be improved whilst simultaneously reducing carbon emissions.

The Ticket to Kyoto project has analysed different ways of reducing the energy consumption of public transport vehicles while ensuring smooth operations and without downgrading the quality of service. This chapter describes the techniques implemented by the partners for optimising the energy use of their buses, trams, metros and technical vehicles.